According to Xenophon, Socrates urged his son not to "continue in the servile occupation [tanning hides] that his father has provided for him. The Federal House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach or bring charges against government officials except members of Congress. But, though the popular distrust of eccentricity, the irritation of individuals and groups of individuals, the attitude of Socrates himself, and the prevalent dislike of the intellectual movement which he represented, go far to account for the result of the trial, they do not explain the Attack.
The affidavit sworn out by Meletus made two related charges against Socrates: It is very difficult and depends entirely on the allegations. Xenophon Among the compositions of Xenophonthe one that gives the fullest portrait of Socrates is Memorabilia.
In the discussions which were developed, it was learned that Socrates was made to face three chief accusations — namely, impiety, contempt for the gods and corrupting the minds of the Athenian youths.
He asks that they ensure the well-being of his three sons, so that they learn to live ethically. Nonetheless, these young men were only intrigued to question their fathers as a cause of the Socratic method.
He tells the court of being unafraid of death, because his true concern is in acting ethically. That the false accusations of his being a corrupter of youth began at the time of his obedience to the Oracle at Delphiand tells how Chaerephon went to the Oracle, to ask her the priestess if there was a man wiser than Socrates.
He died by drinking the poison called hemlock Of his death penalty. Were the Accusations against Socrates Justified. The affidavit sworn out by Meletus made two related charges against Socrates: Herein I find the explanation of Brickhouse and Smith rather insightful.
He is described as "an orator," another profession Socrates held in especially low regard. Even after democracy was restored, he continued to ridicule such centerpieces of Athenian democracy as the selection of leaders by majority vote.
Should they not deem him the most excellent man in all of Athens. He uses an allusion to a cave with a hole on the ceiling. He says that their condemnation of him resulted not from a lack of arguments, but from a lack of time — and an unwillingness to pander for pity, as expected of a man condemned to death.
The first of these charges rested upon the notorious fact that he supposed himself to be guided by a divine visitant or sign. We will write a custom essay sample on Were the Accusations against Socrates Justified.
Anytus, the Power Behind the Prosecution Anytus, a powerful middle-class politician from a family of tanners, is generally considered to have been the driving force behind the prosecution of Socrates. Essentially, Socrates method of humiliating the wisest men in Athenians left them feeling uneducated and upset.
It was in the hope of realizing the aspirations of the moderate party that Theramenes, its most prominent representative, allied himself, first with the Four Hundred, afterwards with the Thirty. According to the partisan account of Plato in the Apology, Socrates--during his three-hour defense--entered into an exchange with Meletus and succeeded in making him appear rather dim-witted.
Socrates, who was associated with several persons viewed as responsible for the overthrow of Athenian democracy, made no secret of his disdain for politicians such as Anytus.
The defence of Socrates[ edit ] Socrates begins his legal defence by telling the jury that their minds were poisoned by his enemies, when they the jury were young and impressionable. Surely, Socrates did nothing grievous so as to merit capital punishment; for in the foregoing discussion, it was seen that the learned philosopher committed no infraction whatsoever in that the first two accusations were mere hearsays, and that the last charge was bereft of factual evidence.
His interlocutors in these typically adversarial exchanges included people he happened to meet, devoted followers, prominent political figures, and leading thinkers of the day. It is plain that the defense was not calculated to conciliate a hostile jury. Depending on the fact of your case you may file a civil suit for defammation, false light, libel etc.
And because this paper seeks to evaluate the merits of the accusations leveled against Socrates, it would help to further note that the intent and tone of this paper shall be both expository and argumentative.
Conclusion I therefore conclude that there is no reasonable justification, whatsoever, that can be inferred so as to lend support to the accusations leveled against Socrates.
1 Apology/ Plato I. Charges against Socrates: 1) He studies things in the heavens and below the earth. This charge identifies S as a ‘natural philosopher’. Plato’s Apology of Socrates purports to be the speech Socrates gave at his trial in response to the accusations made against him (Greek apologia means “defense”).
Its powerful advocacy of the examined life and its condemnation of Athenian democracy have made it one of the central documents of Western thought and culture. Plato’s Apology of Socrates purports to be the speech Socrates gave at his trial in response to the accusations made against him (Greek apologia means “defense”).
Its powerful advocacy of the examined life and its condemnation of Athenian democracy have made it one of the central documents of Western thought and culture. This paper seeks to explore the trial of Socrates in the hope of bringing into the fore the accusations leveled against the learned philosopher.
Corollary to it, this paper seeks to likewise evaluate whether or not such accusations are justified so as to legitimately merit Socrates’ untimely death.
Socrates was in all things an innovator, in religion, in as much as he sought to eliminate from the theology of his contemporaries “those lies which poets tell “; in politics, in as much as he distrusted several institutions dear to Athenian democracy; in education, in as much as he waged war against authority, and in a certain sense made each man the.
Socrates then addresses the second accusation — asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens — by which Meletus says that Socrates is an atheist. In cross-examination, Socrates leads Meletus to contradict himself: That Socrates is an atheist who also believes in spiritual agencies and demigods.Accusations against socrates