But that the understanding of the nature of poverty problem in less developed countries must center on the analysis of the size distribution of income, to him, the magnitude of absolute poverty as based on the combination of many factors viz; low per capita income and highly skewed income distribution consequently, the problem of poverty and income inequality is not just one of economic growth and the political and institutional arrangement according to which rising income are distributed among a large segment of the population.
In case of poverty lines, he concluded that a food-energy intake yields deceptive poverty comparisons between individuals or countries. According to Fanwi, statistical result have revealed that gifts or aids directed to those victimized by transitory poverty such as drought, floods, pests, eruption, landslides and other form of natural disasters are not usually directed to the victim in good faith.
It brings about the use of imported strategies to address the developmental woes of the developing countries such as privatization, devaluation, among others.
This theory therefore suggests that for poverty to be eradicated there should be sectional and regional developmental policies and welfare measures that should be directed to the unemployed, the aged and the disabled. From its programmes and its staying power, this was a scheme that could be adjudged as the most successful of Babangida poverty alleviation policies.
Question 8, revealed that the programme have not provided the desired social amenities for the Ebonyians, hence, it is found wanting in some of the objectives for which it was enunciated. Boye therefore argues that poverty alleviation efforts must be focused and targeted to the poor and possess desired features that would enable them address the needs of the poor.
Furthermore, studies by Torado indicate that higher levels of per capita income do not guarantee a lower level of poverty. The occurrence-and in several cases reocurrence-of social conflicts in various localities of Nigeria has increased poverty, not only in areas directly affected by the conflict but also in areas affected by inflows of internally displaced people, NEEDS.
The participants of the workshop also believed that it was not enough to involve stakeholders in planning only but also in implementation. Thus, each of these forms of dependence corresponds to a situation which condition not only the international relation of these countries but also their internal structures in such areas as orientation of production, the forms of capital accumulation, the reproduction of the economy and simultaneously their social and political structures.
Eyong concluded the explanation of the income distribution theory with its policy suggestion that: Wolft — Poverty in the U. A ed ; The Political Economy of Globalization: Furthermore, a re-orientation of production system based on local technology that is proficient and less dependent on modern infrastructure will achieve the desired impact of poverty alleviation.
Nigeria was tied to opening her economy and being primary commodity exporters in such a way that Nigeria finally found herself unable to compete favourably with other nations.
Ibadan; Spectrum Books Ltd. These programmes also tried to introduce a gender element into anti-poverty programmes, acting on the assumption that women needed special treatment in the light of their immense contributions to the national economy, both as small-scale entrepreneurs and home keepers.
According to Boye The theory further explains that poverty is regarded as a necessary feature of any situation in which the few posses some political power that can help them to organize the economic system in their own selfish interest.
He then further explained that such poverty desired features is that they must be demand driven and formulated bottom-up with the poor as active stakeholders in the decision making process. Boye saw development programmes as highly anti-poor in design and implementation as he sited the case of dam, which supplies power to the urban dwellers but causes flooding and diseases to the rural dwellers.
Tacking into cognizance of all poverty alleviation programmes enunciated over the years in the country, it must be recalled that spouses of Head of State also joined in the fray with novel programmes that not only elevated the status of these first ladies but also focused on issues of poverty, using state funds.
While the former recommends labour intensive technology, the latter recommend labour incentive technology. This new type of dependence was consolidated in the post world war II period based on Multinational Corporations MNCs which began to invest in industries geared towards internal market of the underdeveloped countries.
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