Main function of epithelial tissue

The ciliated type is also called respiratory epithelium as it is almost exclusively confined to the larger respiratory airways of the nasal cavity, trachea and bronchi.

Cells flatten as the layers become more apical, though in their most basal layers the cells can be squamous, cuboidal or columnar. Hemidesmosomes resemble desmosomes on a section. Another type, mesotheliumforms the walls of the pericardiumpleuraeand peritoneum.

The germinal epithelium that covers the female ovaryand the germinal epithelium that lines the walls of the seminferous tubules in the testes are also of the cuboidal type. The basement membrane reinforces the epithelium and helps it resist stretching and tearing. Based on cell shape, simple epithelia are classified as squamous thin cellscubic about as wide as thick cells or columnar or prismatic taller than wide cells.

The lining of the blood and lymphatic vessels are of a specialised form of epithelium called endothelium. Columnar cells— are tall column shaped. In the respiratory tract the wafting effect produced causes mucus secreted locally by the goblet cells to lubricate and to trap pathogens and particles to flow in that direction typically out of the body.


Sclerenchyma have thick, nonelastic secondary cell walls and are dead at maturity. Cells by the apical surface vary in appearance depending if the organ is stretched at the time. The cells are arranged so that all the cells in a layer of epithelium are aligned in the same direction. The dying cells in sebaceous glands provide a good opportunity to learn the appearance of pyknotic nuclei, one of the more conspicuous signs of cell death.

Normally, sweat which comes out on the surface of the skin has a lower salt concentration than the precursor fluid produced by the secretory cells of the sweat gland.

Characteristics of epithelium Epithelial tissues have five main characteristics. When the organ or tube is stretched e. Thick skin has an especially well-developed, abrasion-resistant stratum corneum.

Nuclear morphology often is in agree to the cell morphology, cuboidal cells have a spherical nucleus while flat cells have a flattened nucleus. Polarity— all epithelia have an apical surface and a lower attached basal surface that differ in structure and function.

Welcome to lab classes in basic histology. 33 Introducing lab class (in spanish) The aim of these lab classes is to provide students with educational resources to acquire basic practical skills of each subject, recognize, locate and describe cell types and basic tissues.

Each of these practical sessions are structured around three main elements:. Transitional epithelium is a type of stratified epithelium – tissue consisting of multiple layers of epithelial cells which can contract and expand as needed. It is so named because of this function in the transition of degree of distension.

It has a basement membrane. This tissue structure type is found in urothelium, including that of the renal. Epithelial tissue is composed of cells laid together in sheets with the cells tightly connected to one another.

What Is the Function of Epithelial Tissue?

Epithelial layers are avascular, but innervated. Epithelial cells have two surfaces that differ in both structure and function. Epithelium (/ ˌ ɛ p ɪ ˈ θ iː l i ə m /) is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous sgtraslochi.comlial tissues line the outer surfaces of organs and blood vessels throughout the body, as well as the inner surfaces of cavities in many internal organs.


An example is the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. Aug 17,  · The epithelial tissue is one of the four main types of tissue structures of the human body, along with muscle tissue, nerve tissue and connective tissue. Tissues are cellular organizations with similar specializations/5(9).

A substantial number of factors, the so-called asthma-aggravating factors, can disrupt the barrier functions of the airway epithelium. Therefore, the involvement of airway inflammation in disrupting the epithelial barrier function and asthma is a topic of great interest ().Download high-res image; Download full-size image.

Main function of epithelial tissue
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Epithelium - Wikipedia